In the knowledge of a layman, it is quite understood for him to make the meaning of profit of a firm as the surplus of receipts over the expenditure incurred by the business firm from its operational activities in a given year, or any other financial period. The profit terms are thus directly related to the surplus only, and no other terms of utmost importance are included in the definition of the profit. When it comes to the calculation of accounting profit, the profit terms are made up with some other terms that may seem of great importance to the accountants.
The terms of profit include the positive sign of the receipts of the business firm, and the minus sign of the expenditure of the firm. The figure coming out of the calculation is surely the accounting profit, but there are classifications of the respective expenditure and the receipts.
The expenditures are divided into capital expenditures and the revenue expenditures, that are incurred over capital purchases and the daily expenses respectively. Similarly, the receipts from the capital gains and other capital natured resources are put under the capital receipts, while the receipts from the sale of the merchandise comes under the head of revenue receipts. The classification aims at providing the deepest possible implication of letting the owner know the true and real picture of the firm.
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